Amir Attaran is Professor in the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Ottawa and a practicing lawyer. He received a DPhil for thesis research on immunological mechanisms of cytotoxicity from Oxford University in 1996, and a law degree from the University of British Columbia in 1998. He has been an advisor to health institutions such as the World Health Organization and legal institutions such as the World Justice Project, is a former editorial consultant to journals such as The Lancet and the Canadian Medical Association Journal, and is a recipient of Canada’s Senate 150 award for public service in health protection. His past work includes authoring the fundamental design for the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria in 2000, and serving as principal consultant to Novartis on the scaling-up of artemisinin combination therapy (Coartem) for malaria in lower income countries in 2003. He is a member of the Law Society of Ontario and has appeared as counsel in litigation on human rights, environmental protection, and health services in tribunals and multiple levels of court, including the Supreme Court of Canada. He was a founding member of the Cambridge Working Group.